September 2008. Monthly Summary

In September 2008, not less than 22 people were injured and 5 people died as a result of racially and neo-nazi motivated violence (in September 2007, there were 19 injured and 5 killed). Thus, we observe a slight increase of the number of victims in comparison to the previous year. Beside Moscow, there were attacks reported in Arkhangelsk, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Kaluga region, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara. Notably, in St. Petersburg, after Governor Matvienko had claimed the decrease of hate crimes, and :Novaya Gazeta; had received a warning for an indignant article about anti-Georgian declaration of the Movement Against Illegal Immigration, not a single hate crime was reported.

In the end of August and in September, in Moscow, a number of explosions took place, and one of them at the least is very likely to be a hate crime.

In all, from the beginning of 2008, hate crime incidents took place in 35 regions of Russia affecting not less than 360 people, including 64 fatalities.

People from the Central Asia remain the most vulnerable group (with not less that 42 people killed and 83 injured from the beginning of the year).

In the end of September, there was a series of attacks of neo-nazi skinheads on the representatives on alternative youth subcultures affiliated with the antifa movement. Not less that 12 people suffered from the attacks which took place in Arkhangelsk, Toliatti, Izhevsk, Yekaterinburg and other Russian cities.

In September 2008, there were not less than 2 guilty verdicts issued, in Moscow and in Tambov. The Moscow verdict against the gang of Kalinichenko stands out against a background of recent appropriate sentences for such crimes. Concerning the gravity of the accusation, the sentences given to the defendants were too mild. They got from 3 to 10 years of imprisonment, while the prosecutor demanded from 5 to 22.

In all, from the beginning of the year there were not less than 18 guilty verdicts for racist violent crimes against 68 people.

There were 3 verdicts for hate propaganda and 1 for calls to neo-nazi activities issued in September, in Novgorod, Samara, Ulyanovsk and Chelyabinsk. In all, from the beginning of the year, not less than 31 verdicts against 48 people were issued for racist propaganda, which already exceeds the total number of 2007 (27 verdicts). Not less than 5 verdicts were issued for calls to extremist activities (article 280 of the Criminal Code).

In September, in Nizhny Novgorod, a rare for the Russian court practice verdict for desecration of a cemetery with a nationalistic motive was issued. It was selectivity of the vandalized objects which convinced the court of applying this provision: only Jewish graves were attacked.

In September, the Federal List of Extremist Materials was updated, and the number of entries has grown from 255 to 266. It is disturbing, that the last entries don't contain information on the court decisions as a result of which the materials were included into the list.

In September, a regional movement :K Bogoderzhaviju; in Akhtubinsk (Astrakhan region) was doomed for being extremist.