Racism and Xenophobia in November 2013
The following is our monthly review of instances of xenophobia and radical nationalism, along with any government countermeasures, for November 2013. The review is based on material gathered by Sova Center in the course of our daily monitoring.
November 2013 saw 25 people targeted in xenophobic and neo-Nazi attacks, with one of the victims killed. Two people received serious threats against their lives. In particular, eight people were injured in attacks during Russian March events in Moscow and St. Petersburg. On November 11 Mais Kurbanov, a leader of the Moscow migrant community, was injured by stun gun presumably in response to his organization’s statement against the Russian March.
As such, since the beginning of the year, 19 people have been killed and 168 injured in such attacks, while nine have received death threats connected to their ethnic status. So far this year Sova Center has recorded instances of racist violence in 32 regions of Russia. The main problem areas have been Moscow (seven killed, 53 injured) and the Moscow region (eight injured), Saint Petersburg (three killed, 26 injured), and the Lipetsk region (three killed, nine injured).
As per tradition, autumn’s most violent xenophobic incidents coincided with the far right’s Russian March on November 4. The main event in Moscow took place in Lyublino, where 6,000 people participated in a crowd dominated by radical youth factions. Participants shouted slogans calling directly for acts of violence against natives of the Caucasus region and Central Asia, with many participants throwing the fascist salute. Following the march, participants smashed up car windows and initiated brawls with Caucasians.
This year saw events in no fewer than 48 Russian cities under the Russian March brand; this is three more than last year.
We are aware of no fewer than eight acts of racist or xenophobic vandalism in November of this year. As such, since the beginning of the year we have recorded no fewer than 62 such incidents in 36 regions of the country.
There were at least two convictions for violent crimes motivated by hatred, in the Omsk and Tula regions. Four individuals were convicted.
Here we should mention the Moscow city court’s sentence issued against four People’s National Party members convicted for preparing a terrorist attack and joining a gang.
In 2013 so far, no fewer than 27 rulings for racist violence considered hatred as a motive. These decisions have convicted 45 individuals in 21 regions of the country.
Moscow neo-Nazis Aleksei Kasich (AKA Antitsygan) and Roman Zheleznov (AKA Zuhel) of the far-right Wotan Jugend were convicted for trying to steal food from Auchan, a box store.
There were no fewer than 14 convictions
against as many people for xenophobic propaganda this month, in the Ivanov,
Kurgan, Magadan, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Saratov, Sakhalin, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk
and Tver regions, the Zabaikal and Krasnodar krais, the Republic of Tatarstan,
and the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region.
As such, since the beginning of the year, there have been 114 such convictions against 116 people in 55 regions of the country.
The Federal List of Extremist Materials was updated six times (on November 8, 15, 21 and 22), with the additions of entries 2109-2142. The new additions include a variety of Islamist militant videos from YouTube and social network VKontakte to Al-Waie issues, xenophobic Russian nationalist materials ranging from texts and pictures posted to various social network sites, to a neopagan brochure by Dobroslav, books by veteran Russian national Aleksandr Sevastyanov, a number of Ukrainian nationalist texts, a book from religious organization White Brotherhood, and materials from an issue of the bulletin Radical Politics. As always, some of the materials were banned unlawfully.